Fiscal retrenchment means that a government has to introduce deflationary fiscal measures designed to reduce the amount of borrowing and debt that has been run up during the downturn and economic/financial crisis.

Ultimately fiscal retrenchment can be achieved in one of two ways

(1) Raising indirect and direct taxation

(2) Making cuts in the real level of government spending

Both are painful - tax hikes might choke off a tentative recovery and slashing government spending must hit the availability of public services - but fiscal retrenchment is the inevitable consequence of governments who have lost control of their own finances. The UK government was running sizeable budget deficits even when growth was strong - it forgot to mend the roof when the sun was shining.

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Economics Teachers National Conference 2015

Our popular Economics Teacher National Conference takes place on Monday 22 June 2015 at the superb Wellcome Collection Auditorium on Euston Road in Central London. This is the leading enrichment CPD event for Economics teachers in the UK and always attracts a good number of teaching colleagues from further afield too!Confirmed speaker line-up:Duncan Weldon - BBC Newsnight Economics Correspondent (Economic Policy after the Election)Sir Paul Collier, Oxford University - Where next for Development Economics?Adrian Woolridge (The Economist) - The Great DisruptionDavid Smith (Economics Editor of the Sunday Times) Prospects for the UK EconomyOur delegate prices are:Single Delegate - £175 per personDepartment Deal - £125 per person (for two or more colleagues attending from the same school or college)PGCE / NQT - £75 per person

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