For most businesses, large or small, the task of identifying what work needs doing and who should do it is a continuous challenge! Workforce planning is the approach most businesses take to address this challenge.
It is rare that a business of any size operates for long without having to recruit or remove employees.
For example, consider why a business might need to recruit staff:
- Business expansion due to
- - Increasing sales of existing products
- - Developing new products
- - Entering new markets
- Existing employees leave:
- - To work with competitors or other local employers
- - Due to factors such as retirement, sick leave, maternity leave
- Business needs employees with new skills
- Business is relocating – and not all of existing workforce want to move to new location
The world of work is also changing rapidly:
- Increase in part-time working
- Increased number of single-parent families
- More women seeking work
- Ageing population
- Greater emphasis on flexible working hours
- Technology allows employees to communicate more effectively whilst apart
- People rarely stay in the same job for life
Businesses need to understand and respond to these changes if they are to recruit staff of the right standard – and keep them!
So what is workforce planning?
Workforce planning is about deciding how many and what types of workers are required
There are several steps involved in workforce planning:
- The workforce plan establishes what vacancies exist
- Managers produce a job description and job specification for each post
- Detailed explanation of the roles and responsibilities of the post advertised
- Most applicants will ask for this before applying for the job
- Refers to the post available rather than the person
- Sets out the kind of qualifications, skills, experience and personal attributes a successful candidate should possess.
- A vital tool in assessing the suitability of job applicants
- Refers to the person rather than the post
Join the tutor2u Business team for a resource-packed day designed to fast-track your lesson planning and preparation for the new Edexcel A Level Business specification. We'll look at the key changes in teaching content, explore the new challenges of teaching this linear specification and dive into some brand new teaching resources designed specifically for the new Edexcel A Level Business course from September 2015.