For most businesses, large or small, the task of identifying what work needs doing and who should do it is a continuous challenge! Workforce planning is the approach most businesses take to address this challenge.
It is rare that a business of any size operates for long without having to recruit or remove employees.
For example, consider why a business might need to recruit staff:
- Business expansion due to
- - Increasing sales of existing products
- - Developing new products
- - Entering new markets
- Existing employees leave:
- - To work with competitors or other local employers
- - Due to factors such as retirement, sick leave, maternity leave
- Business needs employees with new skills
- Business is relocating – and not all of existing workforce want to move to new location
The world of work is also changing rapidly:
- Increase in part-time working
- Increased number of single-parent families
- More women seeking work
- Ageing population
- Greater emphasis on flexible working hours
- Technology allows employees to communicate more effectively whilst apart
- People rarely stay in the same job for life
Businesses need to understand and respond to these changes if they are to recruit staff of the right standard – and keep them!
So what is workforce planning?
Workforce planning is about deciding how many and what types of workers are required
There are several steps involved in workforce planning:
- The workforce plan establishes what vacancies exist
- Managers produce a job description and job specification for each post
- Detailed explanation of the roles and responsibilities of the post advertised
- Most applicants will ask for this before applying for the job
- Refers to the post available rather than the person
- Sets out the kind of qualifications, skills, experience and personal attributes a successful candidate should possess.
- A vital tool in assessing the suitability of job applicants
- Refers to the person rather than the post
Join Jim Riley and the tutor2u BUSS4 team for an intensive day designed to prepare students for the challenges of BUSS4 in June 2015. Each of the five workshop sessions introduces and builds effective essay planning and writing technique. We do this in the context of looking at both Manufacturing in the UK (Section A) and core topics for Section B including leadership, change management, technology, strategic choice and globalisation.