Batch production occurs when many similar items are produced together. Each batch goes through one stage of the production process before moving onto next stage. Good examples include:

  • Cricket bat manufacture
  • Baking / meal preparation
  • Clothing production

The benefits and drawbacks of batch production include:

Advantages of batch production

Making in batches reduces unit costs

Can still address specific customer needs (e.g. size, weight, style)

Use of specialist machinery & skills can increase output and productivity

Disadvantages of batch production:

Time lost switching between batches – machinery may need to be reset

Need to keep stocks of raw materials. Cash also investment in work-in-progress

Potentially de-motivating for staff

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