Taylor put forward the idea that workers are motivated mainly by pay.
His Theory of Scientific Management argued the following:
Taylor's methods were widely adopted as businesses saw the benefits of increased productivity levels and lower unit costs.
Taylor's approach has close links with the concept of an autocratic management style (managers take all the decisions and simply give orders to those below them) and Macgregor's Theory X approach to workers (workers are viewed as lazy and avoid responsibility).
However workers soon came to dislike Taylor's approach as they were only given boring, repetitive tasks to carry out. Firms could also afford to lay off workers as productivity levels increased. This led to an increase in strikes and other forms of industrial action by dissatisfied workers
Key summary for Taylor:
We'll use this Series to curate resources that support teachers and students preparing for the BUSS4 Section A Research Theme on Manufacturing in the UK (June 2015). These resources will complement our popular BUSS4 Section A Toolkit on Manufacturing and the BUSS4 Exam Coaching Workshops which also include sessions on Manufacturing.
This resource comprises a complete collection of editable lesson topic worksheets and exam-style case studies that are ideal for teaching individual topics for the whole Year 1 (AS) teaching content. Each lesson topic worksheet and case study has a consistent, clear and professional format and maps precisely to the specification teaching content.