Taylor put forward the idea that workers are motivated mainly by pay. His Theory of Scientific Management argued the following:
• Workers do not naturally enjoy work and so need close supervision and control
• Therefore managers should break down production into a series of small tasks
• Workers should then be given appropriate training and tools so they can work as efficiently as possible on one set task.
• Workers are then paid according to the number of items they produce in a set period of time- piece-rate pay.
• As a result workers are encouraged to work hard and maximise their productivity.
Taylor’s methods were widely adopted as businesses saw the benefits of increased productivity levels and lower unit costs.
Taylor’s approach has close links with the concept of an autocratic management style (managers take all the decisions and simply give orders to those below them) and Macgregor’s Theory X approach to workers (workers are viewed as lazy and avoid responsibility).
However workers soon came to dislike Taylor’s approach as they were only given boring, repetitive tasks to carry out. Firms could also afford to lay off workers as productivity levels increased. This led to an increase in strikes and other forms of industrial action by dissatisfied workers
Join the tutor2u Business team for a resource-packed day designed to fast-track your lesson planning and preparation for the new Edexcel A Level Business specification. We'll look at the key changes in teaching content, explore the new challenges of teaching this linear specification and dive into some brand new teaching resources designed specifically for the new Edexcel A Level Business course from September 2015.
This resource comprises two practice exam papers (with supporting mark schemes) for each of the two Year 1 (AS) papers. The format of each practice exam paper follows precisely the format of the specimen assessment materials issued by the board that have been accredited by Ofqual.