Taylor put forward the idea that workers are motivated mainly by pay.  His Theory of Scientific Management argued the following:

• Workers do not naturally enjoy work and so need close supervision and control
• Therefore managers should break down production into a series of small tasks
• Workers should then be given appropriate training and tools so they can work as efficiently as possible on one set task. 
• Workers are then paid according to the number of items they produce in a set period of time- piece-rate pay. 
• As a result workers are encouraged to work hard and maximise their productivity.

Taylor’s methods were widely adopted as businesses saw the benefits of increased productivity levels and lower unit costs. 

Taylor’s approach has close links with the concept of an autocratic management style (managers take all the decisions and simply give orders to those below them) and Macgregor’s Theory X approach to workers (workers are viewed as lazy and avoid responsibility).

However workers soon came to dislike Taylor’s approach as they were only given boring, repetitive tasks to carry out. Firms could also afford to lay off workers as productivity levels increased.  This led to an increase in strikes and other forms of industrial action by dissatisfied workers

Featured
CPD courses

WOW! Business 2015

WOW! Business 2015, tutor2u's resource packed CPD for ALL business teachers, provides delegates with a brand new set of teaching resources and effective approaches that can be used immediately within the classroom. Not to be missed!

Learn more ›

Teaching & learning products

AQA BUSS4 Revision Guide

The latest edition of Jim Riley's concise 20 page guide to key topics for BUSS4 - essential support for your BUSS4 exam

£4.00

Edexcel GCSE Business Studies Unit 3 Worked Answers (2013-2014)

Fully worked A Grade answers to recent Edexcel GCSE Business Studies Unit 3 exam papers with detailed examiner commentary on how good technique scores top marks

£5.00